About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a nation in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has one of the greatest populations in the globe. The nation is an archipelago of a massive team of islands surrounded by crystal crystal clear h2o and lovely and one of a kind coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the greatest is Luzon, at 105 square kilometres and just in excess of fifty per cent of the islands in the nation have names, and only 350 islands are bigger than 2 and a 50 % kilometres square. The tallest mountain assortment can be located on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the top rated of the mountain reaches in excess of 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be located on the second greatest island in the nation Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like several other mountains in the nation Mount Apo is an lively volcano. Luzon is also the site of the capital of Manila the greatest and most critical Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for hundreds of years Manila bay has been the country’s coronary heart of transport and trade. The Visayas make up the center aspect of the Philippine islands. The greatest islands in the Visayas consist of Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the nation and the second greatest island in the Philippines the island steps 94,seven-hundred square kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands ended up fashioned by volcanoes and are aspect of a mountain chain that is mostly below h2o. The inside of most of the islands have several rugged mountains with dense rain forest and mainly because of the repeated rain fall there are several rivers streams and waterfalls that regularly surge down the mountain sides. Simply because of the dense mountain rainforest and repeated rain fall the Philippines is endowed with impressive sceneries within just the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls magnificent caves and rock formations. Unfortunately a ton of the rain forest is disappearing just before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 in excess of ninety per cent of the Philippine islands ended up coated in rain forest. To date the nation has misplaced near to one-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been made use of and minimize down for its timber and to crystal clear land for farms and households.

The coastline

With in excess of 7000 islands the nation has a coast line additional than 36,300 kilometres in size. The beach locations and coastline may differ throughout the nation are quite sandy in places these as Boracay which is popular for its lovely picturesque tropical white sand beach locations. With tropical vegetation and palm trees developing on these magnificent beach locations. On some island coast traces are quite rocky in spot and in some places you will find gray white sand beach locations and massive inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on clean h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and private working day-to-working day residing demands these as ingesting and washing. Pasig River is one of the greatest rivers in the nation and flows through the capital of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows through the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Simply because the nation is sitting on the pacific ring of fireplace suggests the Philippines have a ton of lively Volcanoes. A person of the most popular volcanic eruptions come about in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for several hundreds of years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted additional than one thousand people killed or hurt and remaining countless numbers of people homeless. The explosion made a enormous ash cloud that coated additional than 125 thousand square kilometres blanketing the place in ash rock and darkness. A person of the most lively volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also acknowledged as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 moments in the previous 400 years. Mount Mayo found on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the yr 2003. The Mayo volcano is a beautifully formed cone that towers 2462 meters earlier mentioned the land. Mayon Final key eruption was in February 1814, when it ruined 3 cities and coated a further two with volcanic ash and scorching larva about 1600 people died because of to this eruption.

The Philippine Men and women

For countless numbers of years several unique varieties people and nations have been aspect of the Philippines the outcome is a nation and people with a one of a kind blend of several cultures. About thirty,000 BC Stone Age people settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the nation was afterwards joined by the Negritos that arrived throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by website visitors from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the first European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his gentlemen ended up killed for the duration of the fight of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain recognized a permanent settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Family faith and instruction are quite critical in Filipino culture.

Weather residing in the metropolis or the nation or on an isolated island relatives, faith and instruction are quite really valued by pretty much each individual one Filipinos have several optimistic values these as regard for authority and a substantial regard for the dignity of all the people.


Most Filipinos maintain robust religious beliefs they on a regular basis just take aspect in religious ceremonies celebrate holy days with massive festivals. The Spanish where quite profitable in converting the Filipino to Christianity generating the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up eighty five% of the population, five % of the population are Sunni Muslim’s the greatest no Christian team in the nation. Most early Filipinos ended up animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits acknowledged as anitos they considered theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Many Filipinos imagine in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief plays an critical aspect in the day by day lifestyle of most Filipinos.The Philippine people worship Christ mom Mary and other holy people referred to as saints several Filipinos beautify their households trics jeepneys boats schools of photos of Christ and mom Mary.

Close by islands and china launched Islam to the Philippines now there are quite a few million Filipinos that abide by the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos observe Taoism which is a religious belief that originated in china the most significant Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino relatives

The Filipino relatives the primary models of the Philippine social organization which features the father the mom and youngsters the bilateral prolonged relatives which incorporates all family of the Father and Mom. Of special worth the bond and unity fashioned by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their relatives as a supply of toughness and defense. It is not unusual for single daughters and sons to reside at household with their mom and dad, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The relatives are quite near and if somebody desires assistance other people chip in and do what they can to assistance the relatives member in have to have. The father-husband is the head of the relatives and is usually unconditionally obeyed by his wife and youngsters. The father part and duty is to meet up with the financial desires of the relatives. The Filipino father is the key supply of willpower in the relatives and in some cases uses corporal punishment on both of those sons and daughters while corporal punishment made use of on youngsters in the Philippines is now gradually acquiring made use of much less and much less because of to the Philippine modern society training and enforcing new values on raising youngsters. The youngsters a ton of Filipino mothers pamper their youngsters these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the youngsters they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood responsibilities and anticipations are saved under the child’s prospective this care and affection lavished on the youngsters generates a sensation of belonging and defense. As a outcome the youngsters will always contribute to parent’s financial assist and emotional assist and defense. The conventional Filipino wife and mom just take care of all the details to guarantee the relatives features as a residing and loving organised relatives device. The mom is in cost of the household and all the details pertaining to the youngsters these as cooking the relatives food viewing the youngsters are clothed and all set for school the having to pay of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other household fees. Peculiar as it could look gals share equivalent spot with person in Philippine modern society woman participation in experienced perform and politics is fully accepted this equality can be traced back to historic Malayan tradition.


Schooling Filipino youngsters go to 6 years of elementary school and 4 years of substantial school. Courses are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys key official languages. More than ninety% of all elementary go to govt schools. From June right until March Filipino youngsters shell out their days at school classes start out around 8 in the early morning in the metropolitan areas like Manila and in some cases around seven am in the rural places just before classes start out the youngsters salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a quite substantial literacy rate which most people in the nation can study and write regrettably because of to the substantial unemployment rate and the nominal salary paid to reduced course staff these as farmers and labours some youngsters have to drop out of school to perform and assistance to assist their family members and some youngsters go to schools that do not have sufficient school supplies and products these as textbooks desks and chairs and desktops.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 unique key dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass instruction of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino lifestyle. English was launched so unique people residing in unique components of the Philippines could realize one a further. The American declared English the nation official language for the duration of the time they dominated the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine govt resolved to change English with a language referred to as Filipino also acknowledged as Tagalog the most greatly spoken Philippine language specifically all through some of the key metropolitan areas. Nowadays Filipino and English are the nation official languages. In unique components of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can discuss anyplace up to 4 languages and some moments additional specifically the people who have traveled and lived in unique components of the nation. For case in point theses Filipinos can discuss the language from the place they grew up in and lived in as a little one they also can discuss English and Tagalog and in some cases a further language that is indigenous to where they reside as an grownup or learnt as a little one. For case in point English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a solitary Filipino can discuss.

The people conventional residing

Half of the Philippine population reside in the nation near mountains forest on smaller islands or on the plains there are several varieties of conventional households Bahay kubo is a conventional rural household some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and floors are created from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and weary down to timber or bamboo to form the roof. Other people in the nation side reside in picket household and other affordable timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The additional rich nation Filipino reside in a bigger fancy modern household and properties are created from cement bricks and cement.On a ton of Compact Island and nation places the household has one key room with a few parts of household furniture and mats on the ground where the relatives sleeps.The kitchen area is usually in a further room with a wood burning stove and in some cases a smaller gas stove depending on how isolated the relatives is from the closest town. In the bigger nation cities several of the indigenous properties have electrical energy and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are unusual in smaller villages while now additional and additional Compact Islands and villages are getting electrical energy but there is continue to a ton of villages that do not. The Philippine people that reside in an place that does not have electrical energy or indoor plumbing obtain h2o from a group properly and burn kerosene lamps for lights in the evening

The people’s transportation

The first people who migrated to the Philippine islands made use of barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the best suggests of transportation of great and merchandise from island to a further people also depend on these ships as ferries mainly because the expense of a airplane ticket are quite costly for the very low revenue family members. Banca a slender picket boat with an out boat motor attached to the back. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from both of those sides of the boats that operate like platoons avoiding the boat from tipping in excess of or capsizing. Early Filipinos made use of these smaller boats to trade and get supplies from neighboring islands.The bigger banca boats are predominantly made use of as people ferries and massive business fishing boats.The smaller sized banca boats are made use of for smaller sized journeys in calmer h2o. A conventional form of transport is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this form of transportation are continue to common in some nation cities and provinces specifically on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the road evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a smaller bus created from jeeps remaining guiding by the US army. The jeeps where remodeled in to busses painted in vibrant glowing flamboyant colours and styles and embellished with mirrors multi-colored lights and religious icons. The jeepney smaller sized brother the stainless metal jeep was created and developed for simple good reasons fisherman complained that seawater and the atmosphere was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and developed the first jeep the jeep demands much less routine maintenance mainly because it is tricky and does not rust. The jeep is an best Philippine automobile mainly because they are tailored to the one of a kind Philippine climate specifically from the harsh salt air and the unpredictable weather conditions.

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